As a renewable source of energy, the wind is inexhaustible and cleaner than traditional sources of electricity generation. Normally, offshore wind farms are a vast resource of energy that can sustain millions of consumers. For example, the US’s state of Texas generates a quarter of the country’s wind power. However, China and India are Asia’s top producers of wind energy, but China has the largest onshore wind farm. Let’s zoom in on countries that generate the most wind energy, and some of their potentials.
According to the economic times of India, China’s installed capacity of 221 GW (gigawatt) makes her the highest wind energy-generating country in the world. As of 2016, the People’s Republic of China had a 33.6% share of the world’s total wind energy capacity. What China produces from onshore wind farms is many times larger the cumulative capacity from all African countries. It doesn’t seem as though the Chinese government will limit the capacity of producing wind energy soon. By 2020, the government’s target is to install additional 10GW of wind power from China’s offshore infrastructure.
The United States of America
With an installed capacity of 96.4 GW, the US takes number two spot in the ranking of global wind energy producers. Over six of the biggest onshore wind farms are in America, and in 2018 an additional 3.38GW of wind power was added to the grid. Last year, the U.S. Geological Survey recorded 57,000 land and offshore wind turbines. This record-breaking number indicates a massive investment by commercial wind turbines operators. The Alta Wind Energy Centre in California is an example of onshore wind farm investors.
However, one of the biggest challenges of investing in this renewable energy resource is the production and installation of wind energy infrastructure for both residential and commercial users.
Germany is the third-largest producer of energy from wind turbines. As the biggest offshore wind farms owner in Europe, Germany’s current output is 59.3 GW. When the German energy regulator (Bundesnetzagentur) tendered a bid for 1GW of onshore wind in 2017, they had a target of adding a total of 2.8 GW by the start of 2018. Also, Gode Windfarms is one of Germany’s wind energy investors. This company plans to boost Germany’s wind turbines from 22,000 before the end of 2019.
India is Asia’s second-biggest wind energy producing country and fourth in the world. With an installed capacity of 35 GW, India’s percentage share of global wind energy production is 5.8%. Usually, wind farm infrastructures are installed on windy places like mountain tops and offshore. There are two notable onshore wind farms in India. They are the 1,064-MW Jaisalmer wind farm in Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu’s 1,500 MW Muppandal wind farm.
Spain’s 5.3% share of the world’s total wind energy output makes her the fifth biggest in the world. The overall installed 23 GW capacity of wind energy in Spain’s serves 18 per cent of her energy consumers. However, there was no new addition of wind power generation to the grid in 2015. This drawback would have seen more investments in Spain’s energy market from wind farm operators in Europe.
The UK is the sixth biggest producer of wind energy in the world, and the country has a 21 GW capacity. You’ll find massive wind farms around the northwest coast of England. This Walney Extension is the United Kingdom’s largest offshore wind farm. Also, the UK has six massive offshore wind projects that give it a percentage share of 3% in the world.